Analysis on the Differences of LED Market Access Requirements between North America and Europe
LED products as a new generation of green lighting gradually rising for the global application, but also with the global economic situation and China’s LED industry to pick up the development of China’s semiconductor lighting industry continues to grow, including LED general lighting is still the most important market development driving force. China’s exports of Led high bay low light fixtures products show overseas markets everywhere, export regional structure more balanced. Among them, North America and the EU market to become China’s largest export of LED products in the two regions, but the LED lights in the two regions of the regulatory requirements are different degree of difference, how to comply with the two regulatory requirements and market demand has been made in China Business focus.1, the United States, Canada access requirementsThe Led high bay low light fixtures products exported to the North American market also require electrical safety, electromagnetic compatibility, energy efficiency and chemical testing requirements that comply with US regulatory requirements; however, these requirements differ from the EU Directive in varying degrees:Electrical safety testThe Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) under the US Department of Labor requires products that are used in the workplace to be tested and certified by the US National Accreditation Laboratory (NRTL) to ensure the safety of the user, so that most electrical products The US market must comply with the NRTL logo, and OSHA authorized the international certification body as NRTL certification body in accordance with the applicable standards of product testing and certification; for the Canadian market, sales in Canada or imported to Canada, electrical products must be verified, The test must be done by a laboratory accredited by the Canadian Standards Committee (SCC).North American lighting standards and EU IEC are quite different, and North American electrical safety testing does not need to consider the EMF requirements. North American lighting standards are usually in accordance with the installation and use of places to determine the scope of the standard.Example: Fixed installation of ceiling lamps, embedded ceiling lamps and other applicable standards are ANSI UL 1598 and CAN CSA C22.2 No.250.0, such as these lamps are used LED light source, the certification time need additional consideration ANSI UL 8750 and CSA C22.2 No.250.13; LED lamps such as the use of built-in electronic power, in addition to the standard series of lamps through the test, the built-in electronic power supply lines must also meet UL1310 or UL60950-1 requirements.B. Energy efficiency testSome areas of the United States have access to energy star or DLC certified lighting products also provide varying degrees of financial subsidies; the current US LED bulb and lamp energy efficiency tests are mainly concentrated in the LED lights Energy Star and DLC, Lighting Factslabel they belong to Voluntary requirements, the US Federal Minimum Energy Efficiency Requirements (DOE) has not yet put LED bulbs and LED lamps into the scope of control. But in the California area, mobile Led high bay low light fixtures must meet the special requirements of California’s energy consumption.1). ENERGYSTAR Energy Star Energy Efficiency CertificationThe ENERGY STAR ENERGY STAR logo was created by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) to ensure that the energy efficiency of the listed products complies with regulatory requirements, but is voluntary testing. Currently for LED bulb products, energy star Lampsprogram V1.1 and the latest version of V2.0 can be adopted, but since January 2, 2017, must be used Lampsprogram V2.0; for Led high bay low light fixtures products, energy star test requirements version Luminaire program V2.0 has officially entered into force on June 1, 2017. There are three main types of LED bulbs: non-directional lights, directional lights and non-standard lights. Energy Star on the LED light bulb related photoelectric parameters, flash and lumen maintenance and life have strict requirements, test methods cited LM-79, LM-80 two standards. In the new energy star rule bulb LampV2.0, a substantial increase in the luminous efficiency of the bulb, broaden the product performance and range, an increase of energy efficiency and performance classification level. EPA will continue to focus on power factor, dimming, flashing, accelerating aging solutions and connectable products.2) .Lighting Factslabel Energy Efficiency CertificationIt is the US Department of Energy (DoE) announced the implementation of the voluntary energy efficiency labeling project, currently only for Led high bay low light fixtures products, it launched the intention is “Give them the Facts”, is to make the lighting products to achieve more specific and more reliable data The requirements of the five aspects of the product from the real performance parameters: lumens lm, the initial light efficiency lm W, input power W, the relevant color temperature CCT, color rendering index CRI. The project is suitable for Led high bay low light fixtures products range: AC mains or DC power supply complete lighting, low voltage 12V AC or DC lamps, can be separated from the power of LED lamps, linear or modular products.3) .DLC energy efficiency certificationThe full name of DLC is “The Design Lights Consortium”. A voluntary energy efficiency certification program, the DLC certified product catalog launched by the Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP), was used for high performance in all parts of the United States that have not yet been covered by the ENERGYSTAR standard LED lamps to promote. The current version of the DLC Technical Request Form is the V4.0 version implemented on September 1, 2017. It covers lighting products that are mainly concentrated in outdoor commercial and industrial building LED lamps such as outdoor wall lamps, garage lights, Lights, outdoor LED lamps and LED lights and other lighting products. It is the main performance requirements of the product: total luminous flux, ring with luminous flux, light efficiency, color temperature, color rendering index, luminous flux maintenance rate, power factor, harmonic distortion. DLC certification requires that the product be tested and issued by a third party laboratory accredited by NVLAP.4). FTC energy efficiency labelAccording to the US Federal Trade Commission FTC Act requirements, LED lights into the US market sales need to be packed in the box and the lamp body on the energy label, to the public disclosure of the product’s annual power consumption, life and other information, FTC energy efficiency label and the above The Lighting Facts Label is similar, but the FTC energy efficiency label is mandatory. See FTCenergyguidelabel for regulations: 16CFR305.5) California Energy Efficiency RequirementsIn order to improve the efficiency of electricity products, the California Energy Commission (California Energy Commission) on December 30, 2005 according to the law of the implementation of electrical energy efficiency regulations (Appliance Efficiency Regulation). A total of more than 20 kinds of products into the United States, California must comply with the energy efficiency and efficiency of the regulatory requirements. The latest requirements are the CEC regulations promulgated in October 2017. Energy efficiency for portable lighting products for portable lighting products must meet CEC energy efficiency requirements to enter the California area, and testing must be done at the CEC accredited laboratory.6). Canadian energy efficiency test requirementsFor the lighting products, the current mandatory energy efficiency requirements in Canada NRCan has control of the general fluorescent lamps, general incandescent spotlights, general lamp products, but the current LED light source lamp products do not have mandatory energy efficiency requirements.C.FCC ICES test requirementsFCC is a mandatory certification of radio interference (EMI) limits for telegraphic video products under US federal law, but does not include EMS (radio interference) test requirements; FCC certification of LED lamps and CE certification EMC EMC certification tests are quite different.FCC certification is divided into Verification (self-certification), Declaration of Conformity (certification) and Certification (certification) three models, the use of certification methods, depending on the type of product, such as LED panel lamp FCC test standards for the FCC 47 CFR part 15B, the authentication type is: Verification. It is important to note that the FCC certification of LED lamps is divided into Class A (LED lamps used in industrial and commercial environments) and Class B (LED lamps used in residential environment). The two types of test limits are completely different. CE certification There is only one limit for the radio harassment test limits, similar to the Class B in the FCC, with a 9k-30MHz electromagnetic field radiation test.Canada has also established a mandatory electromagnetic compatibility requirements for electrical products, referred to as ICES, is the Canadian Industry Department (Industry Canada) a mandatory certification, LED lamp products standard ICES-005, the basic requirements and FCCpart15B consistent, but radiation The test is extended to 1000MHz. From December 1, 2017, ICES-005Issue4 officially implemented, Canada no longer accept ICES005.2, the EU regulatory requirementsIn Europe, due to the ban on the sale of incandescent lamp policy, Led high bay low light fixtures demand is expected to gradually increase. In addition, a wide range of applications, including automotive, outdoor and decorative applications, as well as Led high bay low light fixtures in the indoor use of demand will surge, in line with EU regulatory requirements will become the Chinese manufacturers to face the challenge.According to the European Commission Act, lamps and similar products in Europe must be affixed with CE certification label, then the product needs to be marked with CE mark, must comply with the EU’s lighting products, electrical safety, EMC, chemical substances, energy consumption and energy efficiency labeling as follows Directive requirements:Electrical safety testThe Low Voltage Directive (LVD) establishes the overall safety requirements for all low voltage products entering the European Union. The semiconductor lighting products belong to the low voltage products they define and therefore must follow the specifications of the low voltage directives. Different LED lamp products corresponding to the test standards are different, as follows:B. Electromagnetic compatibility testAccording to the EU Directive 2014 30 EU, the battery compatibility test includes two aspects: electromagnetic interference (EMI) and electromagnetic tolerance (EMS), the former mainly for the conducted interference and radiation interference, while the latter mainly consider the product such as electrostatic discharge, Radiation, burst, surge, conduction interference tolerance, that is, anti-jamming test. The main test standards are: EN55015; EN61547 and EN61000-3-2 power supply harmonics requirements, EN61000-3-3 power supply flashing requirements.C.ERP instructionFor LED lights products, ERP instructions for LED lights and control devices need to meet the following requirements:Energy requirements: the maximum energy efficiency index EEI; control device no-load power, standby power, and load efficiency;
LED lamp function test requirements: 6000h lamp survival rate and lumen maintenance rate; failure before the number of switching; start time; 95% lumens rise time; premature failure rate; color rendering index; color tolerance (color consistency requirements ); Power factor PF. But the current EU ERP and LED flash has not made the request;Product information signs and energy efficiency labeling requirements: marked luminous flux, nominal life, color temperature and so on. Please refer to the enforcement rules for detailed requirements (EUNO.1194 2012; NO.874 2012);Led high bay low light fixtures products to meet the above-mentioned electrical safety, EMC, ERP, chemical Rosh, Reach and electronic scrap recycling instructions can be marked with CE mark, in addition to LED bulbs and lamps also need to follow the energy efficiency label, according to the measured energy consumption data Stickers.3, the conclusionIn the LED product testing, in addition to common electrical, energy efficiency, electromagnetic compatibility testing and other mandatory requirements, regardless of the EU or the North American market, more and more buyers focus on Led high bay low light fixtures products, some voluntary certification and performance testing, such as the European market recognized GS Certificate, the United States DLC (Design Lights Consortium), Lighting Facts test certification, and so on. In addition, the specific optical properties of some LED products are also more and more attention by buyers, such as strobe verification, spectral measurement, color consistency, and color rendering index CRI, LED aging test, energy conversion efficiency, total luminous flux , The viewing angle range and other performance requirements. So in the face of increasingly competitive competition in Europe and the United States market, in addition to compliance with the mandatory certification test, the additional performance often make its products in many similar products more easily stand out.